Dune view with flowers in foreground and tall trees

Habitat Restoration Projects

Contact

Kipp Callahan

copr.steward@lifesci.ucsb.edu

Coal Oil Point Reserve has an aggressive restoration program to restore degraded habitat to better support rare coastal ecosystems. Coal Oil Point Reserve has successfully restored more than 20 acres, including wetland margins, vernal pools, coastal sage scrub, dunes, and beach habitats (Figure 1). All these areas are now self-sustaining and rich in native wildlife.

COPR has a number of exotic and invasive species that must be eradicated or controlled (Table 1). These plants have degraded natural habitats and displaced native species. COPR has started removing the most invasive species such as Acacia, pampas grass, iceplant, and Myoporum. Areas dominated by non-native grasses are also in need of restoration because European grasses prevent native species to become established. Grazing and fire, which were natural phenomena at COPR, are now absent owing to fire suppression and loss of large native grazers. California native species of non-local origin have been introduced in the past to the Reserve as part of soil remediation projects, by accident, or by unauthorized planting. These plants must be removed to avoid hybridization with local genotypes and to limit confounding effects for researchers studying these species. Sites have been restored over the years through a number of volunteer efforts or grants.

Figure 1.  All Habitat Restoration Sites 1980 - 2017

 

Table 1.  List of most common invasive exotic plant species

Family

Species Name

Common Name

Aizoaceae

Carpobrotus edulis

Hottentot Fig [iceplant]

Aizoaceae

Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum

Slender Crystalline Iceplant

Aizoaceae

Tetragonia tetragonioides

New Zealand Spinach

Apiaceae

Conium maculatum

Poison Hemlock

Apiaceae

Foeniculum vulgare

Sweet Fennel

Asteraceae

Carduus pycnocephalus

Italian Thistle

Asteraceae

Centaurea melitensis

Tecolote/Napa Thistle

Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra

Black Mustard

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus

Wild Radish

Cactaceae

Opuntia ficus-indica

Indian-Fig

Chenopodiaceae

Atriplex semibaccata

Australian Salt Bush

Chenopodiaceae

Bassia hyssopifolia

Five-hook

Chenopodiaceae

Salsola tragus

Russian Thistle

Euphorbiaceae

Ricinus communis

Castor Bean

Mimosaceae

Acacia longifolia

Golden Wattle

Myoporaceae

Myoporum laetum

Myporum

Mystaceae

Eucalyptus globulus

Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Pittosporaceae

Pittosporum undulatum

Victorian Box

Poaceae

Arundo donax

Giant Reed

Poaceae

Cortaderia jubata

Pampas Grass

Poaceae

Lolium multiflorum

Italian Ryegrass

Poaceae

Pennisetum clandestinum

Kikuyu Grass

Poaceae

Pennisetum villosum

Feathertop

Poaceae

Phalaris aquatica

Harding Grass

Poaceae

Piptatherum miliaceum

Smilo Grass

Poaceae  

Cynodon dactylon

Bermuda Grass

Salicaceae

Populus alba

White Poplar

Solanaceae

Nicotiana glauca

Tree Tobacco

Tamaricaceae

Tamarix aphyla

Tamarisk

 

  • Year:
    2011-2015
    Size:
    6 acres
    Location:
    Access Points and Trails
    Funding:

     California Coastal Conservancy: $250,000

  • Year:
    2011-2015
    Size:
    6 acres
    Location:
    Access Points and Trails
    Funding:

     California Coastal Conservancy: $250,000

  • Year:
    2011-2015
    Size:
    6 acres
    Location:
    Access Points and Trails
    Funding:

     California Coastal Conservancy: $250,000

  • Oak Plantings
    Year:
    2014
    Size:
    1.3 acres
    Location:
    Northwest corner of Coal Oil Point Reserve
    Funding:

    Goleta Valley Beautiful

  • Year:
    2012-2014
    Size:
    0.6 acres
    Location:
    Devereux Slough Margin
    Funding:

    Wetlands Recovery Project (through SB Audubon): $24,400

  • Year:
    2011-2013
    Size:
    1.6 acres
    Location:
    North East Corner of Reserve
    Funding:

    Goleta Valley Land Trust (through SB Audubon): $38,335

  • Year:
    2009 - 2010
    Size:
    3 acres
    Location:
    Freshwater Wetland
    Funding:

    Goleta Valley Land Trust (through Santa Barbara Audubon): $34,050

  • Year:
    2007 - 2010
    Size:
    7 acres
    Location:
    Devereux Slough Margin
    Funding:

    Wildlife Conservation Board: $263,484

  • Year:
    2008
    Size:
    1 acre
    Location:
    “Burn Site”
    Funding:

    Coastal Fund: $7,750

  • Year:
    2007 - 2008
    Size:
    10 acres
    Location:
    Western slough margin and hind-dunes
    Funding:

    Audubon California and Wetland Recovery Project. $9,500 WRP 1 year; $11,739 IBA (Audubon-California, 2 year grant)

  • Year:
    2008
    Size:
    1 acre
    Location:
    “Burn Site”
    Funding:

    Coastal Fund: $7,750

  • Year:
    2008
    Size:
    1 acre
    Location:
    “Burn Site”
    Funding:

    Coastal Fund: $7,750

  • Year:
    2007 - 2008
    Size:
    10 acres
    Location:
    Western slough margin and hind-dunes
    Funding:

    Audubon California and Wetland Recovery Project. $9,500 WRP 1 year; $11,739 IBA (Audubon-California, 2 year grant)

  • Year:
    2006 - 2007
    Size:
    Location:
    Slough Margin
    Funding:

    Shorelines Preservation Fund, $8,830

  • Year:
    2004 - 2006
    Size:
    ~0.5 acres
    Location:
    Northern boundary
    Funding:

    Phase I: Shoreline Preservation Fund: $ 11,638 (2005-2006), Phase II: Shoreline Preservation Fund: 9,625 (2004)

  • Year:
    2004 - 2006
    Size:
    1.9 acres
    Location:
    North-east corner
    Funding:

    Bella Vista Foundation via Earth Island Institute, to Community Environmental Council $26,500; Wetland Recovery Project Small Grants Program to Community Environmental Council, $20,000 (2-year grant)

  • Year:
    2000 - 2004
    Size:
    1.5 acres
    Location:
    Northern margin of the slough
    Funding:

    Shoreline Preservation Fund:  $4,850 Wetlands Recovery Program: 28,800 (to Santa Barbara Audubon, 2 year grant)

  • Year:
    2002
    Size:
    Location:
    Immediately south of the bridge over the Devereux slough channel
    Funding:

    Shoreline Preservation Fund: $13,000

  • Year:
    1998 - 2002
    Size:
    6 acres
    Location:
    South-east corner
    Funding:

    No Funding Source

  • Year:
    1999 - 2001
    Size:
    Location:
    Eastern margin of the slough and the vernal pool on west campus
    Funding:

    Coastal Resource Program: $85,000. UCSB: 15,000 matching funds

  • Year:
    2000
    Size:
    1 acre
    Location:
    Dune pond margin
    Funding:

    Coastal Resource Program: $46,000. The County of Santa Barbara: $500 matching funds.  UCSB: $10,000  matching funds

  • Year:
    1987
    Size:
    < 1 acre
    Location:
    Western grassland area
    Funding:

    The vernal pool was created in 1987 as a mitigation project for the UCSB West Campus Faculty Housing project.  It was the first vernal pool reconstruction project attempted by the UCSB Museum of Systematics and Ecology Currently, the deep areas of the pool function as a vernal marsh that rarely dries up, and the shallower edges as a vernal pool that dries up seasonally.

  • Year:
    1980
    Size:
    Location:
    Access D
    Funding: