Common Buckeye

Junonia coenia

Order: 

Lepidoptera

Family: 

Nymphalidae

The common buckeye is prevalent in the Southern United states but are also familiar in Northeastern United States, the west, and as far south as the country of Colombia (1). They are known for having one main eye spot on the forewing and two on the hindwing that have a distinctive orange band and an overall light brown ground color (1). Before the adult butterfly stage, the caterpillar has longitudinal stripes and is covered with spines along the entire length of the body and has a dark color (1). The larva are important for plant biological control of the common snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) which is found to be a garden pest and adults feed primarily on nectar (2).

 

(1)Holland, W. J. (1908). The butterfly book. Doubleday, Page & Company.

(2)Garth, J. S., Garth, J. S., & Tilden, J. W. (1986). California butterflies (Vol. 51). Univ of California Press. Pg. 93.